The United States and the World: Key Concepts

Leaving Cert > The United States and the World, 1945 - 1989

Consumerism
The stage in an industrial society when many goods are bought and sold. It can also be called the Consumer Society.

Corporate Capitalism
Capitalism is an economic, political and social system based on private property. Corporate capitalism is the control of this system by large corporations which wanted to increase profits.

Discrimination
Treating a group of people differently because of their race, religion, gender, sexual orientation etc.

Feminism
The belief that women should be treated equally as men with the same rights and responsibilities.

Fundamentalism
A conservative, religious movement among Protestants in the US which emphasised the strict truth of the Bible. It became particularly influential in southern states and fundamentalists became involved in politics.

Globalisation
The spread of institutions, organisations and culture on a global (worldwide) scale. Goods, services and culture eventually become the same around the world.

Internationalism
A political movement that encourages greater political and economic co-operation between nations for the benefit of all.

Imperialsm
Occurs when one country has a great deal of power or influence over others, especially in political and economic affairs.

Liberalism
The political belief concerned with personal freedom and social progress. Liberals favour gradual reform of political and economic matters, and an active government role in the economy.

Mass Media
A medium of communications (TV, newspapers, magazines) which reaches a large population.

Military-Industrial Complex
The combination of the armed forces, the politicians who support them and the industries who supply them. They have a strong influence on government decisions.

Moral Majority
A group which supported the application of strict Christian standards on society.

Presidential Bureaucracy
The civil service which delivers the President's policies. Presidents since 1945 have expanded cabinet posts and federal agencies. Most are approved by the President, but some need approval by Congress.

Public Opinion
The views and attitudes of the people. Governments need public opinion to be favourable to them so they can be re-elected, so they try to influence it through mass media.

Technological Development
The application or use of scientific discoveries in industry.

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