Leaving Cert > The United States and the World, 1945 - 1989
The stage in an industrial society when many goods are bought and sold. It can also be called the Consumer Society.
Capitalism is an economic, political and social system based on private property. Corporate capitalism is the control of this system by large corporations which wanted to increase profits.
Treating a group of people differently because of their race, religion, gender, sexual orientation etc.
The belief that women should be treated equally as men with the same rights and responsibilities.
A conservative, religious movement among Protestants in the US which emphasised the strict truth of the Bible. It became particularly influential in southern states and fundamentalists became involved in politics.
The spread of institutions, organisations and culture on a global (worldwide) scale. Goods, services and culture eventually become the same around the world.
A political movement that encourages greater political and economic co-operation between nations for the benefit of all.
Occurs when one country has a great deal of power or influence over others, especially in political and economic affairs.
The political belief concerned with personal freedom and social progress. Liberals favour gradual reform of political and economic matters, and an active government role in the economy.
A medium of communications (TV, newspapers, magazines) which reaches a large population.
The combination of the armed forces, the politicians who support them and the industries who supply them. They have a strong influence on government decisions.
A group which supported the application of strict Christian standards on society.
The civil service which delivers the President's policies. Presidents since 1945 have expanded cabinet posts and federal agencies. Most are approved by the President, but some need approval by Congress.
The views and attitudes of the people. Governments need public opinion to be favourable to them so they can be re-elected, so they try to influence it through mass media.
The application or use of scientific discoveries in industry.