Third Year: Political Developments in 20th Century Ireland: Exam Questions

Main Page: Political Developments in 20th Century Ireland

This is not a complete list of the short questions on this topic from past papers, it is a 
sample amount.

Click here for exam question tips.



This is not a complete list of the short questions on this topic from past papers, it is a 
sample amount.

The Struggle for Independence
1. Mention two reasons why Unionists opposed Home Rule for Ireland. (2012 HL)

2. Name the founder of the Sinn Féin party, 1905. (2011 HL) / Name the political party founded by Arthur Griffith in 1905 (2015 HL)

3. What was the Solemn League and Covenant, 1912? (2011 HL)

4. Name two buildings occupied by the rebels during the Easter Rising, 1916. (2015 HL)

4. Mention two reasons why Sinn Féin won the 1918 general election. (2009 HL)

5. Why were only twenty-seven TDs present at the meeting of the first Dáil on the 
    21 January 1919? (2010 HL)

6. During the Civil war, 1922-23, what was the Munster Republic? (2009 HL)

Irish Free State/Republic of Ireland
1. Name the political party founded by Éamon de Valera in 1926. (2012 HL)

2. What was the Shannon scheme, 1927? (2008 HL)

3. What action did de Valera take against the Blueshirts in August 1933? (2012 HL)

4. Give two terms of the Anglo-Irish Agreement, 1938. (2015 HL, 2008 HL)

5. Mention one national project promoted by Dr. Noel Browne as Minister for Health. (2010 HL)

6. During the period, 1959-1966, mention two important decisions taken by the government of 
    Seán Lemass. (2010 HL)

7. What was the contribution of TK Whitaker to Ireland in the 1960s? (2007 HL)

8. Why did Jack Lynch ask for the resignation of two of his ministers in May 1970? (2011 HL)

9. Name the two countries which joined the EEC with Ireland in 1973. (2007 HL)

10. Who led the 1973-1977 coalition government formed by Fine Gael and Labour? (2011 HL)

11. Name the Taoiseach and the British Prime Minister who signed the Anglo-Irish Agreement, 
      1985. (2009 HL)

12. Name two persons who became Taoiseach before 1997. (2007 HL)

13. Name two people who have been leaders of the Labour Party in Ireland since 1912. (2015 HL)

Northern Ireland
1. In relation to Northern Ireland during the 1970s, explain the term internment. (2011 HL)

2. Name the founder of the Democratic Unionist Party. (2006 HL)

3. Why was the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement (NICRA) set up in 1967? (2015 HL)

(Political Developments in Ireland is an option in Ordinary Level)
1. Name one important figure during the Easter Rising 1916 OR a major change in housing that 
    occurred in twentieth century Ireland. (see here) (2011 OL)

2. Choose one of the following terms from the Irish War of Independence and explain it. (2010 OL)
              Flying Column;       Auxilliaries;       The Squad

3. Give one reason why Unionists wanted Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom. (2008 OL)

4. Mention one way in which World War Two had an impact on Irish life. (2008 OL)

5. Give the names of two Presidents of Ireland between 1938 and 1985. (2008 OL) 


An Unionist living in Ulster around 1912-14

A named leader in the struggle for Irish independence, 1900-21
(2011 HL, 2007 HL)

A person involved in the struggle for Irish independence, 1900-21
(2012 OL, 2008 OL)

A person living in Northern or Southern Ireland during the war years, 1939-45
(2009 HL)

A named political leader in the Republic of Ireland, 1960-85
(2014 HL, 2012 HL, 2008 HL, 2010 OL, 2009 OL)


2012 HL Q.6C

1. In your answerbook supply the missing words in the following sentences. You should number the 
    words correctly, but you need not re-write the sentences. (1x6)

       a.   The War of Independence began when the IRA attacked an RIC patrol at __________, 
             Co. Tipperary.

       b.   The IRA was organised into local units known as Flying __________.

       c.   The IRA used __________ warfare or ambush tactics against the British forces.

       d.   The British government used ex-soldiers known as the __________ and __________
             to support the RIC.

       e.   Michael Collins, Director of Intelligence, set up a __________ of twelve assassins to kill 
             British spies.

       f.   The Government of __________ Act was passed in 1920 but the fighting continued until
            the truce in July 1921.

2. Sinn Féin held the first meeting of Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House, Dublin on 21st January 1919. 
    Mention two decisions taken by the First Dáil. (2x2)

3. Give an account of two of the following: (10x2)
      (a) The Anglo-Irish Treaty, 1921
      (b) Life in Ireland during the Emergency.
      (c) The Civil Rights movement in Northern Ireland. 

2010 HL Q.6C

1. Mention two actions taken by Unionists to prevent the introduction of Home Rule for Ireland during 
    the period 1912 - 1914. (2x2) 

2. Match each of the following persons (1-6) with the corresponding event of organisation (a-f). (1x6)

3. Write an account of two of the following:  (10x2)
      (a) The Easter Rising, 1916.
      (b) The Anglo-Irish Treaty, 1921.
      (c) The Economic War, 1932-38.
      (d) The Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland.

2006 HL Q.6C

1. Explain three of the following terms: (2x3)
    Irregulars;      B-Specials;      Coalition Government;      The Emergency;      Dominion Status. 

2. Write an account of two of the following: (12x2)
    (a) The Dublin Lockout.
    (b) The Civil War, 1922-23.
    (c) Relations between the Irish government and the UK, 1932-39.
    (d) The 1950s in Ireland.
    (e) Terence O'Neill.