Third Year: International Relations in the 20th Century: Exam Questions

Main Page: International Relations in the 20th Century

This is not a complete list of the short questions on this topic from past papers, it is a 
sample amount.

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SHORT QUESTIONS (HL and OL)

This is not a complete list of the short questions on this topic from past papers, it is a 
sample amount.

HIGHER LEVEL


1. Why was the League of Nations set up in 1919? (2012 HL)

2. Mention two actions taken by Hitler to become dictator of Germany. (2015 HL, 2012 HL)

3. In Nazi Germany what were the Nuremberg Laws? (2015 HL)

4. What was appeasement? (2015 HL)

5. In Mussolini's Italy who were the squadistri? (2010 HL)

6. Explain one of the following terms, in relation to Mussolini: (2015 HL)
                  March on Rome                   The Lateran Treaty                  The Abyssinia Campaign

7. Name the British Prime Minister who attended the Munich Conference, September 1938. 
    (2010 HL) 

8. Mention one decision made by the Allied leaders at the Yalta Conference, 1945. (2009 HL)

9. What was the Maginot Line? (2008 HL)

10. Name two countries invaded by Germany in April, 1940. (2008 HL)

11. Explain one of the following terms: Containment, CAP, Decolonisation. (2008 HL)

12. Give two reasons why the Germans were unhappy with the Treaty of Versailles. (2007 HL)

13. What was the Night of the Long Knives, 1934? (2006 HL)



ORDINARY LEVEL 
1. From your study of International Relations in the 20th Century, mention one historic event which
    followed from World War II. (2012 OL)

2. Choose one of the following terms and explain it: (2012 OL)
              Nazi Party,       Soviet Union;       Nationalist;       Common Market.

3. Name one important political leader, outside of Ireland, from the period 1945-1989 and the 
    country he/she was involved with. (2010 OL)

4. Explain one of the following terms: (2009 OL)
              Dictator;       Superpower;       Common Market;       Empire.

5. From your study of International Relations in the 20th Century, give one reason why Fascism or 
    Nazism were popular between 1922 and 1939. (2008 OL)


PEOPLE IN HISTORY (OL and HL)

A German soldier who took part in Operation Barbarossa (the invasion of Russia, June 1941)

OR

A British or American soldier who took part in D-Day (Allied landings in France, June 1944)
(2014 HL, 2008 HL, appeared in 2011 OL as A solider fighting in WWII)


A named leader involved in one of the crises during the rise of the superpowers (Berlin Blockade; Korean War; Cuban Missile Crisis).

OR

A named leader in the movement for European unity between 1945-1992.

OR

A named leader in the struggle for African or Asian independence after 1945. 
(2010 HL, 2007 HL) 


A person who lived through one of the following historical periods:
  • The rise of the Superpowers (the Cold War), 1945-1992
  • Moves towards European unity, 1945-1992
  • African or Asian nationalism, 1945-1992
(2011 OL)  


A named leader involved in ONE of the 20th century international events below:
(2009 OL)



LONG QUESTION (Q.6) (HL)

2012 HL Q.6D

1. Explain two of the following terms relating to Mussolini's rule in Italy, 1922-1943:   (2x2)
              Acerbo Law;       Blackshirts;       Lateran Treaty;       Rome-Berlin Axis.
            

2. Write an account of one of the following: (10)
      (a) Nazi propaganda.
      (b) Nazi economy.
      (c) The Nazis and the Jews.


3. Select one topic from 1, 2 or 3 below:

    Topic 1: The Rise of the Superpowers
       
      (a) Explain two of the following terms:   (2x2)
           Containment;      Marshall Plan;      Satellite States;      Iron Curtain.

      (b) Write an account of a named major crisis in the Cold War between the USA and the USSR
            during the period, 1945-63. (12)

   Topic 2: Moves towards European Unity
       
      (a) Explain two of the following terms:   (2x2)
                Benelux Union;      ECSC;      CAP;      Treaty of Rome, 1957.

      (b) Write an account of the growth of the European Union since 1957. (12)

   Topic 3: African and Asian Nationalism
       
      (a) Explain two of the following terms:   (2x2)
           Empire;      Imperialism;      Nationalism;      Decolonisation.

      (b) Write an account of the main events in the movement for independence in a named African or
            Asian country since 1945.



2010 HL Q.6D

1. Give two reasons why Mussolini's Fascist party gained support in Italy after 1919. (2x2)

2. In your answerbook supply the missing words in the following sentences. You should number the 
    words correctly, but you need not re-write the sentences. (1x6)

       a.   President __________ appointed Hitler as Chancellor (Prime Minister) of Germany.

       b.   Hitler passed the __________ Law, which allowed him to rule by decree.

       c.   The secret police, the __________ was established to put down opposition.

       d.  Ernst Rohm and other political opponants were killed by the SS on the Night  
            ___________________________.

       e.   Propaganda, directed by Josef __________ was used to promote Nazi ideas.

       f.   Boys aged 14 had to join the Hitler Youth and girls of the same age had to join the League  
            ___________________________.


3. Write an account of two of the following:  (10x2)
      (a) The defeat of France, 1940.
      (b) The Battle of Britain.
      (c) The Holocaust.
      (d) Operation Overlord.



2008 HL Q.6D

1. Give two reasons why Fascist leaders gained support in Europe in the 1920s and the 1930s. (2)


2. Write an account of one of the following: (10)
    (a) Mussolini's political achievements, 1922-1939.
    (b) Education and youth control in Nazi Germany.
    (c) Hitler's treatment of the Jews, 1933-1939.


3. Give two reasons why the League of Nations failed to keep the peace in Europe during the 
    1930s. (4)


4. Choose Topic 1 or 2 or 3 below.

    Topic 1: The Rise of the Superpowers


      Name one of the leaders shown above (a), (b) or (c) and write an account of a major crisis in the 
      Cold War, 1945-63, in which that leader was involved. (14)

     
    Topic 2: Moves towards European Unity
       
      Name one important personality in the movement for greater European unity, 1947-72, and 
      write an account of that person's role in the movement. (14)

   Topic 3: African and Asian Nationalism
       
      Name one leader involved in the movement for independence in a named African or Asian 
      country since 1945 and write an account of that leader's role in the movement. (14)