Junior Cert (Ordinary Level): Q.3 - Short Questions

Main Page: Junior Cert (Ordinary Level)

The Short Questions are worth 60 marks overall. There are 20 questions to choose from, but you only need to answer 10, at six marks each.

The questions cover every topic you've learned about since First Year, and the best way to prepare for them is to practise answering Short Questions on past papers.

Sample short questions are featured on each topic's page.

Answering Short Questions

  • Read the questions carefully 
  • Don't just glance at them. Read them very carefully before answering them. Find the ten questions you can answer best. Keep your answers clear and short. Don't try to write paragraphs. Read over your answers when you're done.
  • Timekeeping:
  • The Short Questions are worth 60 marks altogether. They can be an easy source for marks, but give yourself plenty of time to tackle the longer questions later. Spend about 20-25 minutes on short questions.

 Sample Short Questions


Answer TEN of the following questions. Each is worth 6 marks.

1.   Which date is earlier: 96 BC or 90 AD?

2.   Name one service which early Christian monasteries provided in Ireland.

3.   Name an Irish saint and the site associated with that saint.

4.   Name a work of art produced by Early Christian Irish monks. 

5.   Explain one way that soldiers might have tried to capture a castle during the Middle Ages.

6.   State one fact about the training which a knight received during the Middle Ages.

7.   Name one Renaissance artist and a work of art associated with that artist.

8.   Choose one of the following terms from the Renaissance and explain it:
              Patron;       Perspective;       Fresco.

9.   Give one reason why sea travel was so dangerous during the Age of Exploration.

10. Give one reason why Europeans undertook voyages of exploration.

11. Name one plantation which you have studied and the ruler who was responsible for it.

12. Name one group of people who received land in Ireland during the plantations.

13. Other than the people dying of hunger, name one major impact of the Great Famine in Ireland.

14. Choose one of the following terms from the Great Famine and explain it:
              Eviction;       Charity;       Blight.

15. Give one reason why there was an Industrial Revolution in Britain in the nineteenth century.

16. Name one important invention or development of the Agricultural or Industrial Revolution
      and the person responsible for it.

17. From your study of International Relations in the 20th Century, mention one historic event 
      which followed from World War II.

18. Name one important political leader, outside of Ireland, from the period 1922-1989 and the 
      country he/she was leader of.

19. Choose one of the following terms from International Relations in the 20th Century and 
      explain it:
              Nazi Party;       Soviet Union;       Nationalist;       Common Market.

20. Give one reason why the information in historical documents can be sometimes incorrect.