Junior Cert (Higher Level): Q.1 - Pictures

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The first things you'll notice about your Junior Cert paper when you get it are the pictures on your source paper. The source paper contains the pictures for the Picture Questions, and the documents for the Document Questions.

Picture Questions feature topics from each of the three years. The topics which appeared on Picture Questions in the last few years are as follows:

2017: Ancient Ireland (Newgrange), The Middle Ages, Nazi Germany

2016: The Plantations, The American Revolution, World War II

2015: Early Christian Ireland, The Middle Ages (Plague), Social Change (Mary Robinson).

2014: The Middle Ages/The Agricultural Revolution, Irish Independence, Social Change.

2013: The work of the historian, the Renaissance, the Irish War of Independence.

2012: Ancient Ireland (mixture), the 1916 Rising, the Inter-Party government.

You might be tempted to look for patterns there, but really there's no way to predict what could come up next. Topics that have appeared constantly (such as Ancient Ireland and the Middle Ages) continue to do so, and topics that haven't appeared before (such as the Famine or Irish governments) can appear as well.

Every picture has three questions attached to it. The first two will be about features or information contained on the picture. The third question usually asks you something else about the topic in question.

Answering a Picture Question
  • Study the pictures carefully 
  • Don't just glance at them. Have a look at what they are, and look at the details, you might be asked a question about one of them.
  • Read the questions carefully:
  • If you're asked to give two pieces of information, don't just give one. If you're asked to give one piece of information, don't waste your time giving more.

  • Timekeeping:
  • The Picture Questions are worth 15 marks altogether. They can be an easy source for marks, but you must not spend too much time on them. Other parts of the paper carry much more marks with them. You should spend only about 10 minutes on the Picture Question.

 Sample Picture Questions


Pictures A1 and A2 show objects on display in the National Museum of Ireland.

1.   Tick the correct box to show when these objects were made: (1)
  • Neolithic Ireland __
  • Early Christian Ireland __
  • Medieval Ireland __

2.   Give one piece of evidence to show that highly skilled craftsmen made these objects. (2)

3.   Apart from displaying objects, mention one purpose of a museum. (2)

Picture B is a map showing key buildings held by the rebels during the Easter Rising 1916.

1.   Which building was used by the rebels as their headquarters during the Rising? (1)

2.   Which building, an important symbol of British rule shown on the map, was not taken by
       the rebels?  (2)

3.   From your study of the Easter Rising 1916, give two reasons why it was a military failure. (2)

Picture C is an election poster from the 1954 general election campaign.

1.   How many years was Fianna Fáil in power before the 1954 general election? (1)

2.   Using evidence from the poster, give one reason why people should vote for the
      Inter-Party Government. (2)

3.   Name any two political parties involved in the Inter-Party Governments 1948-1951 and
      1954-1957. (2)


Picture A shows a medieval monk working as a scribe.

1.   From Picture A, name one tool or material used by the monk to copy the manuscript. (1)

2.   Why was the work of the scribe so highly valued by people in the Middle Ages? (2)

3.   Apart from copying manuscripts, mention two services which medieval monasteries provided
      to the local community. (2)

Picture B is a painting by Walter Paget of the scene inside Dublin's General Post Office (GPO) during Easter week 1916.

1.   Name the leader of the rebellion marked X. (1)

2.   From Picture B, give two pieces of evidence to show that the rebels in the GPO were under
      fierce attack. (2)

3.   Apart from the GPO, mention two buildings occupied by the rebels during Easter week
      1916. (2)

Pictures C1 and C2 are British posters from the time of World War II.

1.   From Picture C1 or Picture C2, give one example of the type of work that the women were
      asked to do. (1)

2.   During World War II, why were British women encouraged to work outside the home? (2)

3.   From your study of World War II, give two reasons why Britain was successful in the Battle of
      Britain, 1940. (2)