|Mass unemployment in England during the 1920s.|
After World War I, Europe had changed completely. The former German Empire had been reduced to a shell of its former self, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire had collapsed. The British Empire, being on the winning side, remained intact, but its economy was suffering hugely, and this just a decade before the biggest financial collapse in history...
Continue to Anglo-American Popular Culture in Peace and War
- The Causes of the English Depression:
- Decline in industry and trade (ship building, cotton, coal mining).
- Increase in competition (USA).
- Depressed Areas:
- Northern England (Clydeside, Tyneside, Lacashire) and Southern Wales.
- Government Actions:
- National Insurance Act and the Dole.
- Wage Cuts.
- Response: 1926 General Strike.
- The Great Depression:
- Its effects on Britain, the actions the government took, and Britain's experience of it vs. Germany's experience.
- Social Problems:
- Poverty, Marches (Jarrow March), leading to the Welfare State after WWII.
Inflation, Depression, Protectionism
The Jarrow March
|The British Prime Ministers of the 1920s: |
David Lloyd George, Andrew Bonar Law, Stanley Baldwin and Ramsay MacDonald.
Higher Level (100 marks each)
2015: What were the economic and social problems of Britain during the inter-war years and/or what was the impact of World War II on its civilian population?
2014: How did the Jarrow March (1936) illustrate the social and economic problems facing Britain during the inter-war period?
2013: What were the challenges facing Britain in peace and war, 1920-1945?
2011: What did one or more of the following achieve in Britain during the period 1920 - 1945:
J.M. Keynes, those who took part in the Jarrow March, Winston Churchill?
2009: What were the main social and economic challenges facing Britain, 1920 - 1945?
2008: Which had the greater social and economic problems during the inter-war years, Britain or
Germany? Argue your case, referring to both countries.
2007: What were the causes and consequences of the Jarrow March, October, 1936?
2006: How successfully did Britain deal with the social and economic problems of the inter-war
2015, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C
2012, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
Why did the Jarrow March (October, 1936) take place and what did it achieve? (40)
2011, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
What did Winston Churchill and/or J.M. Keynes contribute to Britain? (40)
2010, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
Why did the Jarrow March take place, October 1936, and what did it achieve? (40)
2008, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part B:
Write a short paragraph on the British economist, J.M. Keynes. (30)
2008, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
What were the economic and social conditions in Britain that led to the Jarrow March in October 1936? (40)
2007, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part B:
Write a short paragraph on the economic and social problems in Britain in the 1930s. (30)
2006, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
How did the Jarrow March reflect the social and economic problems of industrial England in the 1930s? (40)
|"The subsidised mineowner - poor beggar!"|
Cartoon which appeared in the Trade Union Unity magazine during the 1926 general strike.
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