Dictatorship and Democracy: Case Study 2: The Nuremberg Rallies

Leaving Cert > Dictatorship and Democracy in EuropeCase Study 2: The Nuremberg Rallies

Crowds at the 1936 Nuremberg Rally.

Some of the most famous scenes of Hitler's entire time in power are in the footage of his speeches to rallies. Thousands of people would attend to partake in a celebration of Germany, the Nazi Party and Hitler himself. The rallies were filmed and used as propaganda for other countries, to show how great and glorious Germany had become again after her defeat in World War I. Leni Riefenstahl famously captured the 1934 Nuremberg Rally in her film "Triumph of the Will", which is considered to be a masterpiece of Nazi propaganda.



  • The First Rallies
    • Explain the purpose of the rallies, the role of Albert Speer.
  • Locations
    • Zeppelin Field, March Field, Luitpold Arena, Congress Hall.
    • Architecture, construction and transport.
  • Organisation of the Rallies
    • Themes, Opera, Party Roll of Honour, Presentations, Hitler's speech.
  • Why Nuremberg?
    • Medieval city, symbol of Nazism, Allied victory parade, Nuremberg Trials.




Higher Level (100 marks each)

2009: How did dictators use propaganda and/or terror to maintain their power?

2008: What contribution did Josef Goebbels and/or Leni Riefenstahl make to Nazi propaganda?

2007: What were the main characteristics of the Nazi state in Germany, 1933 - 1939?


Ordinary Level

2015, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
What took place at the Nuremberg Rallies in Germany in the 1930s? (30) 

2012, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
What was the importance for Nazi Germany of the Nuremberg Rallies? (40)

2009, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
How did the Nuremberg Rallies and/or Leni Riefenstahl contribute to the Nazi regime? (40)

2008, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
How did the Nuremberg Rallies help to create propaganda for Hitler and the Nazi regime? (40)

2007, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
How did Josef Goebbels and/or Leni Riefenstahl use the German mass media to promote the Nazi movement? (40)

2006, Dictatorship and Democracy, Part C:
How did the Nuremberg Rallies help bring support to the Nazi regime in Germany? (40) 




Hitler saluting at a rally.
Pictures from the 1936 Nuremberg Rally
These pictures were originally featured as propaganda in a Nazi record book of the rally.

Footage of the 1938 Nuremberg Rally
The US Holocaust Memorial Museum has an American newsreel about the 1938 rally.

British Pathé: Nuremberg Rallies
The British Pathé collection of newsreels and video clips on the rallies.

Nuremberg Museum: Nazi Party Rally Grounds
The Nuremberg Museum site has a few features on the grounds and buildings used for the rallies. Have a look. 

Overview of the 1934 Nuremberg Rally
This was the rally Riefenstahl filmed for "Triumph of the Will".